Home Forums The Happy Homesteader Gardening An In-Depth Companion Planting Guide

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      Roisin
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      Garden

      A companion planting guide such as this one will show you which vegetables and flowers support or inhibit the growth of other plants and/or which pests they deter.

      Basil
      Plant near: most garden crops
      Keep away from: rue
      Comments: improves the flavor and growth of garden crops, especially tomatoes and lettuce. Repels mosquitoes.

      Beans, Bush
      Plant near: beets, cabbage, carrots, catnip, cauliflower, corn, cucumbers, marigolds, potatoes, savory, strawberries
      Keep away from: fennel, garlic, leeks, onions, shallots
      Comments: potatoes and marigolds repel Mexican bean beetles. Catnip repels flea beetles.

      Beans, Pole
      Plant near: corn, marigolds, potatoes, radishes
      Keep away from: beets, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, onions, shallots
      Comments: same as for bush beans.

      Beets
      Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, bush beans, cabbage, cauliflower, chard, kohlrabi, onions
      Keep away from: charlock, field mustard, pole beans
      Comments:

      Borage
      Plant near:  squash, strawberries, tomatoes
      Keep away from:
      Comments: repels tomato worms. Improves flavor and growth of companions.

      Broccoli and Brussels Sprouts
      Plant near: beets, buckwheat, calendula, carrots, chamomile, dill, hyssop, marigolds, mints, nasturtiums, onions, rosemary, sage, thyme, wormwood.
      Keep away from: strawberries
      Comments: marigolds repel cabbage moths. Nasturtiums repel aphids.

      Cabbage and Cauliflower
      Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, celery, chard, spinach, tomatoes.
      Keep away from: strawberries
      Comments: tomatoes and celery repel cabbage worms.

      Cantaloupe
      Plant near: corn

      Carrots
      Plant near: cabbage, chives, early potatoes, leeks, lettuce, onions, peas, radishes, rosemary, sage, salsify, wormwood.
      Keep away from:
      Comments: onions, leeks, and wormwood repel carrot flies

      Chives
      Plant near: apples, berries, carrots, grapes, peas, roses, tomatoes.
      Keep away from:
      Comments: Improves flavor and growth of companions. Deters aphids and Japanese beetles.

      Corn
      Plant near: beans, cucumbers, early potatoes, melons, peas, pumpkins, soybeans, squash.
      Keep away from:
      Comments: soybeans deter chinch bugs.

      Cucumbers
      Plant near: beans, cabbage, corn, early potatoes, radishes, sunflowers.
      Keep away from: late potatoes
      Comments: Radishes deter cucumber beetles. Cucumbers encourage blight in late potatoes.

      Dill
      Plant near: broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, cucumber, lettuce, onions
      Keep away from: carrots
      Comments: Improves flavor and growth of cabbage family plants.

      Eggplant
      Plant near: green beans, peppers, potatoes, tomatoes
      Keep away from:
      Comments: green beans deter Colorado potato beetles.

      Garlic
      Plant near: cabbage, cane fruits, fruit trees, roses, tomatoes
      Keep away from: peas, beans
      Comments: deters Japanese beetles and aphids. A garlic oil spray deters onion flies, aphids, and ermine moths. A garlic tea helps repel late potato blight.

      Kale
      Plant near: aromatic herbs, buckwheat, cabbage family, marigolds, nasturtiums
      Keep away from: pole beans, strawberries
      Comments:

      Kohlrabi
      Plant near: cabbage/cauliflower companions (except tomatoes)
      Keep away from: fennel, pole beans, tomatoes
      Comments: kohlrabi stunts tomatoes

      Lettuce
      Plant near: beets, carrotsparsnips, radishes, strawberries
      Keep away from: cabbage family
      Comments: lettuce tenderizes summer radishes.

      Marigolds
      Plant near: all garden crops
      Keep away from:
      Comments: stimulates vegetable growth and deters bean beetles, aphids, potato bugs, squash bugs, nematodes, and maggots.

      Marjoram
      Plant near: all garden crops
      Keep away from:
      Comments: stimulates vegetable growth.

      Mustard
      Plant near: alfalfa cover crops, fruit trees, grapes, legumes
      Keep away from:
      Comments: stimulates growth of companion plants.

      Nasturtiums
      Plant near: apples, beans, cabbage family, greenhouse crops, potatoes, pumpkins, radishes, squash
      Keep away from:
      Comments: repels aphids, potato bugs, squash bugs, striped pumpkin beetles, and Mexican bean beetles and destroys white flies in greenhouses.

      Onions
      Plant near: beets, cabbage family, carrots, chamomile, lettuce, parsnips
      Keep away from: beans, peas
      Comments: deters most pests, especially maggots.

      Oregano
      Plant near: all garden crops
      Keep away from:
      Comments: deters many insect pests.

      Parsley
      Plant near: corn, roses, tomatoes
      Keep away from:
      Comments:

      Parsnips
      Plant near: onions, radishes, wormwood
      Keep away from:
      Comments: onions and wormwood help keep root maggots from parsnips.

      Peas
      Plant near: beans, carrots, corn, cucumbers, early potatoes, radishes, turnips
      Keep away from: garlic leeks, onions, shallots
      Comments:

      Peppers
      Plant near: basil, carrots, eggplant, onions, parsley, tomatoes
      Keep away from: fennel, kohlrabi
      Comments:

      Potatoes
      Plant near: basil, beans, cabbage family, corn, eggplant, flax, hemp, marigolds, peas, squash
      Keep away from: apples, birch, cherries, cucumbers, pumpkins, raspberries, sunflowers, tomatoes, walnuts
      Comments: hemp deters phytophthora infestans. Basil deters potato beetles. Marigolds (dug into crop soil) deter nematodes.

      Radishes
      Plant near: chervil, cucumbers, lettuce, melons, peas, nasturtiums, root crops
      Keep away from: hyssop
      Comments: radishes deter cucumber beetles. Chervil makes radishes hot. Lettuce helps make radishes tender. Nasturtiums improve radishes’ flavor.

      Rosemary
      Plant near: beans, cabbage, carrots
      Keep away from:
      Comments: repels bean beetles, cabbage moths, and carrot flies.

      Sage
      Plant near: cabbage family, carrots, tomatoes
      Keep away from: cucumbers
      Comments: deters cabbage moths and carrot flies. Invigorates tomato plants.

      Soybeans
      Plant near: corn, potatoes
      Keep away from:
      Comments: chokes weeds and enriches soil.

      Spinach
      Plant near: celery, cauliflower, eggplant, strawberries
      Keep away from:
      Comments:

      Strawberries
      Plant near: borage, bush beans, lettuce, pyrethrum, spinach
      Keep away from: cabbage family
      Comments:

      Sunflowers
      Plant near: cucumbers
      Keep away from: potatoes
      Comments: can provide a trellis and shelter for shade-loving cucumbers.

      Swiss Chard
      Plant near: bush beans, kohlrabi, onions
      Keep away from: pole beans
      Comments:

      Tarragon
      Plant near: all garden crops
      Keep away from:
      Comments: improves vegetables’ flavor and growth.

      Thyme
      Plant near: all garden crops
      Keep away from:
      Comments: deters cabbage moths.

      Tomatoes
      Plant near: asparagus, basil, cabbage family, carrots, gooseberries, mustard, parsley, onions, rosemary, sage, stinging nettles
      Keep away from: fennel, kohlrabi, potatoes, walnuts
      Comments:

      Turnips and Rutabagas
      Plant near: peas
      Keep away from: knotweed, mustard
      Comments: mustard and knotweed inhibit the growth of turnips and rutabagas.

    • #7372 Reply
      Greenbird15
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      I love this! I want a garden and am going to refer back to this 🙂

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